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Teaching should ensure that when 'evaluating and improving performance', connections are made between 'developing, selecting and applying skills, tactics and compositional ideas', and 'fitness and health'.
During Key Stage 2 pupils enjoy being active and using their creativity and imagination in physical activity. They learn new skills, find out how to use them in different ways, and link them to make actions, phrases and sequences of movement. They enjoy communicating, collaborating and competing with each other. They develop an understanding of how to succeed in different activities and learn how to evaluate and recognise their own success.
1. Pupils should be taught to:
a. consolidate their existing skills and gain new ones
b. perform actions and skills with more consistent control and quality.
2. Pupils should be taught to:
a. plan, use and adapt strategies, tactics and compositional ideas for individual, pair, small-group and small-team activities
b. develop and use their knowledge of the principles behind the strategies, tactics and ideas to improve their effectiveness
c. apply rules and conventions for different activities.
3. Pupils should be taught to:
a. identify what makes a performance effective
b. suggest improvements based on this information.
4. Pupils should be taught:
a. how exercise affects the body in the short term
b. to warm up and prepare appropriately for different activities
c. why physical activity is good for their health and well-being
d. why wearing appropriate clothing and being hygienic is good for their health and safety.
5. During the key stage, pupils should be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through five areas of activity:
a. dance activities
b. games activities
c. gymnastic activities
and two activity areas from:
d. swimming activities and water safety
e. athletic activities
f. outdoor and adventurous activities.
Swimming activities and water safety must be chosen as one of these areas of activity unless pupils have completed the full Key Stage 2 teaching requirements in relation to swimming activities and water safety during Key Stage 1.
6. Pupils should be taught to:
a. create and perform dances using a range of movement patterns, including those from different times, places and cultures
b. respond to a range of stimuli and accompaniment.
7. Pupils should be taught to:
a. play and make up small-sided and modified competitive net, striking/fielding and invasion games
b. use skills and tactics and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending
c. work with others to organise and keep the games going.
8. Pupils should be taught to:
a. create and perform fluent sequences on the floor and using apparatus
b. include variations in level, speed and direction in their sequences.
9. Pupils should be taught to:
a. pace themselves in floating and swimming challenges related to speed, distance and personal survival
b. swim unaided for a sustained period of time over a distance of at least 25m
c. use recognised arm and leg actions, lying on their front and back
d. use a range of recognised strokes and personal survival skills [for example, front crawl, back crawl, breaststroke, sculling, floating and surface diving].
10. Pupils should be taught to:
a. take part in and design challenges and competitions that call for precision, speed, power or stamina
b. use running, jumping and throwing skills both singly and in combination
c. pace themselves in these challenges and competitions.
11. Pupils should be taught to:
a. take part in outdoor activity challenges, including following trails, in familiar, unfamiliar and changing environments
b. use a range of orienteering and problem-solving skills
c. work with others to meet the challenges.
En1 Speaking and listening: Group discussion and interaction
3. To talk effectively as members of a group, pupils should be taught to:
b. vary contributions to suit the activity and purpose, including exploratory and tentative comments where ideas are being collected together, and reasoned, evaluative comments as discussion moves to conclusions or actions
Sc2 Life processes and living things: Humans and other animals
2. Pupils should be taught:
c. that the heart acts as a pump to circulate the blood through vessels around the body, including through the lungs
d. about the effect of exercise and rest on pulse rate
e. that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles to support and protect their bodies and to help them to move
h. about the importance of exercise for good health
Responding and reviewing - appraising skills
3. Pupils should be taught how to:
b. explore and explain their own ideas and feelings about music using movement, dance, expressive language and musical vocabulary
Breadth of study
5. During the key stage, pupils should be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through:
b. responding to a range of musical and non-musical starting points
Pupils could use video recordings of their sequences and dances to compare ideas and quality.
Pupils could use video and CD-ROMs of actions, balances and body shapes to improve their performance.
If aspects of swimming and water safety have been taught during Key Stage 1, pupils should start this area of activity at the appropriate point.
Geographical enquiry and skills
2. In developing geographical skills, pupils should be taught:
c. to use atlases and globes, and maps and plans at a range of scales [for example, using contents, keys, grids]
The general teaching requirement for health and safety applies in this subject.
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